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Common Neurological Conditions

Epilepsy

  • Epilepsy is a brain disorder where a person suffers from repeated seizures or convulsions. It usually begins between the ages of 5 and 20, but it can happen at any age. Common causes include strokes, Alzheimer’s disease, brain injury, infections such as meningitis, encephalitis, etc., congenital brain defects, brain tumors, abnormal blood vessels in the brain, or due to other illness that damages the brain tissue. Since symptoms vary from one person to the other one, some people experience symptoms such as simple staring spells and others may experience violent shaking and loss of alertness.

Stroke

  • A stroke also called “brain attack” occurs when blood flow to a part of the brain stops. When blood flow is stopped for more than a few seconds, the brain cannot get blood oxygen, so brain cells can die, therefore causing permanent damage. Two major types of stroke are ischemic and hemorrhagic. Ischemic strokes occurs when a blood clot bocks a vessel that supplies blood to the brain. Hemorrhagic stroke is when blood leaks into the brain to a weak blood vessel that bursts open. The number one risk factor for strokes is high blood pressure. Other major risk factors include atrial fibrillation, diabetes, having a family history of stroke, high cholesterol, age 55 and older, living an unhealthy lifestyle, and people with heart disease or poor flow in their legs caused by narrow arteries.
  • The most common stroke and mini-stroke symptoms are weakness or numbness of the face, arm or leg muscle on one side of the body. Inability to speak, unexplained dizziness, vertigo or problems with balance and coordination are also general symptoms.

Parkinson’s Disease

  • Parkinson’s disease is a brain disorder that causes shaking (tremors), walking and movement coordination difficulties due to the destruction of the nerve cells in the brain that make dopamine. Dopamine is a brain chemical that helps control muscle movement. A person has a higher risk of acquiring Parkinson’s disease if there is a history in the family of the disease or if a person is over the age of 50. It is one of the most common disorders of the elderly and both men and women are equally at risk. Sometimes it can occur in younger adults.

Alzheimer’s Disease

  • Alzheimer’s disease is a form of dementia. Dementia refers to a loss of brain function. The disease affects memory, behavior and thinking. There are two types of Alzheimer’s disease, one is called in early onset AD and the other one is late onset AD. In early onset AD symptoms appear before age 60 and the disease tend to progress rapidly. Late onset AD is the most common form of the disease and it develops in people age 60 and older.

Dementia

  • Dementia is a loss of brain function that affects memory, thinking, behavior, language and judgment. The disease usually occurs in people of older age and it can be due to many small strokes. Dementia occurs due to several diseases such as Parkinson’s disease, Multiple sclerosis, Huntington’s disease, Progressive supranuclear palsy, HIV/AIDS or Lyme disease.

Brain Tumors

  • A cancerous or noncancerous mass or growth of abnormal cells in the brain. Brain tumors may produce symptoms that vary depending on the part of the brain involved. These may include headaches, seizures, problem with vision, and vomiting. Other more specific problems may cause difficulty in walking and speaking. As the disease progresses unconsciousness may occur

Our team of specialists can help you find the adequate treatment for your condition. Neurological conditions don’t necessarily always mean surgery.

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